The inscription contains a distich from the Gulistan of Sa'di.
This powder horn is very similar in workmanship to a group of signed pieces by Lutf 'Ali who was active during the reign of Nader Shah (1736 - 1747AD). In common with the other pieces the present lot features a heron or egret being seized by a hawk. This is the first published example of a powder horn in this style. A set of body armour (chahar a'ineh) dated AH 1050/1737 AD was sold in these rooms 15th October 1996, lot 201. Other pieces are to be found in the Topkapi Saray Museum, Istanbul (another set of body armour) and a group of axes in the Poldi Pezzoli Museum, The Victoria and Albert Museum and in the Wallace Collection. A further axe was sold in these roooms 19th October 1993 lot 217.