Vases of this shape with a waisted section and cup-shaped mouth are extremely rare in the Qianlong period. Only one other vase of the same shape dated to this period appears to be known, from the Qing Court collection, a famille rose turquoise-ground vase decorated in imitation of cloisonne enamel, illustrated in Falangcai, Fencai, The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum, Commerical Press Hong Kong, 1999, pl. 115. A slight variation on this shape is seen on another vase, also from the Fonthill Heirlooms and the collection of John Morrison, Illustrated by S. Jenyns, Later Chinese Porcelains, London, 1971, pl. CVIII, fig. 1, where the upper bulb of the double-gourd vase has an elongated, rather than cupped, mouth rim.
Cf. other examples of related lime-green-ground famille rose vases with similar designs of elaborate floral sprays: a Qianlong bottle vase was included in the Nanjing Museum exhibition Qing Imperial Porcelain of the Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong Reigns, Hong Kong, 1995, illustrated in the Catalogue, no. 96; a Tibetan-style vase illustrated in Qing Dai Ciqi Shang Jian, Hong Kong, 1994, pl. 148; and a pair of bottle vases also originally from the Fonthill Heirlooms, sold in these Rooms, 20 March 1990, lot 679.