The depiction of Camargo on the present vase relates to Nicolas Lancret’s painting of the dancer which dates back to the first half of the eighteenth century and is now housed in the State Hermitage, St Petersburg. In 1902, the painting moved from the Winter Palace and became part of the Hermitage collection (see A. Somov, Ermitage Impérial. Catalogue de la Galerie des Tableaux, St Petersburg, 1903, vol. III, p. 53, no. 1888). It is probable that the vase was painted only once the Lancret had become part of the Hermitage collection, which explains the later mark of Nicholas II dated 1914 on the 19th century form marked for Nicholas I.
Marie-Anne de Cupis de Camargo (1710-1770) was a renowned ballet dancer from the Paris Opéra who was celebrated for introducing innovative changes to the repertoire of the eighteenth-century ballet. Lancret captured Camargo in the early eighteenth century rococo style as she gracefully dances amongst the musicians.