Five new frigates were built by the subscription of merchants in the young American colonies. The third of these was the frigate Essex which was built by Enos Briggs of Salem, MA in 1799. She carried thirty two guns. She was captured by the British ships Phoebe and Cherub at Valparaiso in 1814 and taken into the Royal Navy. She was then sold and broken up in Chatham Dockyard in 1819.