A VIENNA TWO HANDLED CUP AND SAUCER DISH
1827 & 1829
The urn shaped body with two gilt loop handles and raised on a gilt slender circular stem and foot decorated with band of leaves, the upper section painted with a continuous Antarctic scene after William Hodges of Commander James Cook's HMS Resolution at anchor among ice bergs and four row boats, with the crew collecting ice and one figure shooting a rifle, the dish with a similarly painted Arctic scene of a sailing ship at anchor and figures dressed in coats and hats at various pursuits, some exploring into snow, some with dogs and a polar bear on a ledge, both pieces with painted mark "Eisinseln entdeckt den a 9 Januar 1773", the cup with impressed 829 and other numbers, the dish with blue beehive mark and impressed 827, other numbers and inscribed 3
13 cm. (5 in.) high; 19 cm. (7 1/2 in.) diameter
In 1772, after the success of his first voyage of discovery (1768-1771) the Admiralty appointed Captain James Cook to undertake a second voyage in command of HMS Resolution, together with Captain Tobias Furneaux commanding HMS Adventure, their purpose was to circumnavigate the globe as far south as possible to determine the existence of a southern continent. The scene depicted on this Vienna two-handle cup is reproduced from a drawing by Cook's official artist, William Hodges, it represents Cook's success at resupplying HMS Resolution with valuable drinking water before continuing his search for the southern continent, this impressive image and contemporary account of this action on January 9, 1773 is recorded in Cook's 'A Voyage Towards the South Pole and Round the World 1772-1775'
Captain James Cook wrote:
Saturday 9. But, at four o'clock in the morning, finding ourselves to leeward of this ice, we bore down to an island to leeward of us; there being about it some loose ice, part ow which we saw break off. There we bought to; hoisted out three boats; and in about five or six hours, took up as much ice as yielded fifteen tons of good fresh water. The pieces we took were hard, and solid as a rock; some of them were so large, that we were obliged to break them with pick-axes, before they could be taken into the boats'