The service was given to Frederik V in response to a gift of stallions to Louis XV.1 The fact that Louis XV intended to make a reciprocal gift of a porcelain table-service was notified in a letter of 1.4.1757 by Antoine-Louis de Rouillé, Comte de Jouy, Minister of Foreign Affairs to Jean-François Ogier d'Enonville, président honoraire of the Paris parlement, Ambassador-Extraordinary of France to Denmark (9.9.1754 - 25.6.1757) where the service is refered to as "Porcelaine de Vincennes" in the new colour of green.2 The gift arrived in Copenhagen in April 1758 and was presented to Frederik V by président Ogier on 22 May 1758.
For a full list of the service pieces supplied see David Peters, Sèvres Plates and Services of the 18th Century, Little Berkhamsted, 2005, p. 295, which included 4 moutardiers et plateaux costing 120 livres each. A substantial part of the service survives in the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, see Nina Birioukova and Natalia Kazakevitch, La porcelaine de Sèvres du XVIII siècle, St. Petersburg, 2005, pp. 115-129, nos. 41-128. David Peters, ibid, p. 296 mentions that 3 plateaux de moutardier survive in the Hermitage; one is illustrated by Birioukova and Kazakevitch, ibid., p. 127, no. 113 and the decoration of these stands is very similar to the present mustard pot, the roses are yellow and pink and similarly executed, and the lattice work on the gilding is very closely related to that on the mustard-pot.
Pierre-Antoine Méreaud worked at Vincennes and Sèvres from 1754 to 1791 and was a painter of flowers and patterns, and he was also a gilder.
1. Notified in a letter of 8.2.1757 by Frederick V to Louis XV, Archives du Ministère des Relations Extérieures (correspondance diplomatique, Danemark, Vols. 133 and 137-139.
2. See David Peters, Sèvres Plates and Services, Little Berkhamsted, 2005, p. 295, 57-2.