Zhiting, for whom the school was named, was one of the few hardstone carvers of the Qing dynasty, known for his jade works, who signed his wares with the intention of establishing an artistic identity. The first of these artists to do so was Lu Zigang, who probably inspired Zhiting, although the former worked two centuries earlier. Extant signed works by Zhiting are all small, being either pendants or snuff bottles, and a similar style of carving links the jade and quartz pendants to the snuff bottles.
The name "Zhiting School" has been applied to this particular group of carvings from Suzhou. For a discussion on the Zhiting School, see Moss, Graham, Tsang, A Treasury of Chinese Snuff Bottles, The Mary and George Bloch Collection, Volume 2, Part 2, Hong Kong, 1998, pp. 504-9, no. 366. Also see ibid., Volume 1, Hong Kong, 1995, no. 122, pp. 304-307, for a signed Zhiting jade bottle and a discussion of the other jade examples signed by the master carver.