The inscription is a passage from The Romance of the Western Chamber, written by Wang Shifu in the Yuan dynasty. Set in the Tang dynasty, the story tells of the romance between Zhang Junrui and Cui Yingying. While on his way to take the civil service examination, Zhang was instrumental in rescuing Cui Yingying from a group of bandits. Cui's hand in marriage had been offered by her mother to whomever could save her, but she subsequently reneged on her promise. This inscription describes the two lovers before their first secret meeting.