ADAM JOHANN VON KRUSENSTERN (1770-1846)
Voyage Round the World, in the Years 1803, 1804, 1805, & 1806, by order of His Imperial Majesty Alexander the First, on board the Ships 'Nadeshda' and 'Neva'. London: Printed by C. Roworth [I] and T. Davison [II] for John Murray and the Board of Longitude, 1813. 2 volumes, 4° (279 x 222mm). 2 hand-coloured aquatint frontispieces, folding engraved map. (Plates and map offset and slightly spotted.) Contemporary green half morocco over marbled boards in Regency style, flat spines lettered in gilt at the head and densely gilt with floral and foliate tools, top edge gilt (very lightly rubbed). Provenance: Sir George Francis Wyndham Bt, RN, 1834 (1786-1845, joined the Royal Navy in 1799 and commissioned Captain in 1812, becoming fourth Earl of Egremont on his uncle's death in 1837, inscription on vol. I title and bookplates as Earl of Egremont on upper pastedowns) -- Carl Wendell Carlsmith (engraved calling card on first blank).
THE EGREMONT COPY OF THE FIRST ENGLISH EDITION OF THE FIRST RUSSIAN CIRCUMNAVIGATION commanded by Krusenstern with a brilliant corps of officers -- Lisianski, commanding the Neva, Rezanov, Langsdorff, Kotzebue and Bellingshausen -- all men who went on to make their mark on Pacific exploration. Although sponsored by the Tsar, the voyage was funded by the Russian American Company to 'open relations with Nippon and the Sandwich Islands, to facilitate trade in South America, to examine California for a possible colony, and to make a thorough study and report on the Northwest coast, its trade and future'. The great importance of this work is its contribution to hydrographic knowledge of the Pacific coast of North America. By reason of Krusenstern's precise nature, he objected to Richard Hoppner's sometimes inaccurate translation, particularly of navigational terms and references. Separately, Lisiansky in the Neva called at Easter Island and together the two ships sailed for the Marquesas and Hawaii where the Nadeshda proceeded to Kamchatka and Japan, and the Neva to Russian America with an intended rendezvous at Canton to sell their cargo of furs. Krusenstern's excellent account of their time in Japan relates their failed ambassadorial mission, imprisonment, and exploration of the coasts of Hokkaido and visits to the Ainu. Hill 952; Sabin 38331; Arctic Bibliography 9381; Cordier Japonica 459; Kropelien 693; cf. Lada-Mocarski 61 (Russian edition). (2)