ADDISON, Thomas (fl. 1620). Arithmeticall Navigation: or, An Order thereof: Compiled and published for the advancement of Navigation: More particularly, For the benefit of English Mariners, or Sea-faring men that delight therein. London: Nathaniel Gosse, 1625.
Small 4o (185 x 152 mm). Small woodcut device on title. Collation: A-F4 (text), A-F4 (tables). (Some minor marginal dampstaining.) Disbound; cloth folder and quarter morocco slipcase. Provenance: HENRY GELLIBRAND (1597-1636), mathematician (his "ex dono" inscription dated October 1628, perhaps a gift from the publisher); Harrison D. Horblit (bookplate; his sale part I, Sotheby's London, 10 June 1974, lot 13).
THE FIRST ENGLISH NAVIGATION MANUAL DEVOTED EXCLUSIVELY TO ARITHMETICAL NAVIGATION, AND THE FIRST EXPLANATION OF THE SOLUTION OF NAVIGATIONAL PROBLEMS BY LOGARITHMIC TABLES
FIRST EDITION. Addison explained the contents of his book in nine subjects in his dedication to the Governor of the East India Company Morris Abbot: "Practitioners in the Art of Navigation, ought to bee aquainted with...  the Sunne and Moones motion...  the setting of the Tides or Streames, with the Depths and Landmarkes, for the shunning of Rocks and Sands...  the Latitude and Variation of the place he departeth from, or would arrive at...  the way of a Ship...  how to protract a traverse...  the resolution of plaine Chart Navigation...  the disagreements betweene the Meridians on a plaine Chart, and the Meridians on a Globe...  the use of Mercators Chart, (or Planisphere)...  Lastly, he ought to know and understand such Astronomicall questions as shall be use full."
Because of Addison's work with logarithms and decimals, it is presumed he was a student of Edward Wright, who translated Napier's work on logarithms into English (published 1616), and of Edmund Gunter, since Addison worked in decimals. Addison departed to the East Indies, before the work was completed in 1624. The work and the association to Henry Gellibrand, dated 1628, shows the immediate adoption of Napier's great discovery.
Henry Gellibrand followed Emund Gunter as Professor of Astronomy at Gresham College (1626-36), and that position "drew him into matters of mathematical navigation, and an example of his attempts at solving the problem of longitude is a three-page appendix to The Strange and Dangerous Voyage of Captain Thomas James (see lot 280). "[Gellibrand] helped to raise English standards of navigation to new heights" (DSB). EXTREMELY RARE: according to American Book Prices Current, only the Horblit-Streeter and the Lothian-Penrose copies have sold at auction in the past 70 years. Adams & Waters 20; STC 150; Taylor Mathematical Practitioners 143; see D.W. Waters The Art of Navigation in England in Elizabethan and Early Stuart Times, pp. 447-455. A FINE ASSOCIATION COPY OF THIS EXTREMELY RARE WORK.