Born in Delft, Adriaen van der Venne moved to Middelburg circa 1614, following his schooling in Leiden and the Hague with Simon de Valck and Hieronymus van Diest. There he became a founding member of the Pictura society and established himself as a multifaceted artist -- painting, composing poetry, and working as an illustrator. His early works, among which the present painting can be counted, display a strong Flemish flavor, evident in the high horizons. He was a devout Protestant and a staunch supporter of the House of Orange. He was commissioned by the Court as early as 1617, but in 1625 he moved to The Hague where he took up the position of Court Painter to the Stadholder, Prince Maurits. His political interests are often reflected in his compositions, depicted as allegories of the religious quarrels that split the Northern and Southern Netherlands during the wars with Spain.
A related drawing by van de Venne of the man in a purple jacket seated on a horse in the right foreground of the present painting is in the Lugt collection.