After Henry Singleton (1766-1839)
The Right Honourable Charles Marquis Cornwallis receiving the two Sons of Tippoo Sultaun as Hostages from the Vakeel
hand-coloured etching by Joseph Grozer after Henry Singleton, published by H.Roemer, London, January 1799., hand-coloured and heightened in white by James Harris (signed), on thin paper, trimmed, light surface soiling, small unobtrusive repairs to paper edges
P.557 x 650mm.
Henry Singleton was renowned for his multiple talents as a painter of history, allegory and genre. He recorded the last struggles between Tipu Sahib, Sultan of Mysore (1753-1799) and the British forces in a series of paintings of which this scene forms the last.
Tipu's early military career was successful: he commanded a cavalry corps in the Maharatta war of 1775-79, and in February 1782 he defeated Brathwaite. Although he negotiated peace with the British in 1784, his devastation of the Raja of Travancore in 1789 resulted in the British invasion of his dominions in 1790. Hostilities were renewed in 1799, and Tipu, shut up in his fortress at Seringapatam, an island fort in the River Kaveri just north of Mysore, held a last stand against the British led by Colonel Wellesley, later Duke of Wellington. The battle made Wellesley's military career, and he remained in India as Governor of Seringatapam for five years. Tipu was killed during fierce fighting.