ALEXANDER DE ALES (d.1245). Summa Universae Theologiae. Pavia: Franciscus Girardengus et Johannes Antonius Birreta, 11 July- 23 December 1489.
4 volumes, chancery 4° (209 x 148mm). Collation: I: \Kp\k4 2\Kp\k(title, index) a-z8 \\i8 \\j8 \\g8 \\a6 (a1 blank, a2 text). II: \Kp\kaa8 \Kp\kbb6 (title, index, \Ksp\kbb6 blank) aa-zz8 \\i\\i8 \\j\\j8 \\g\\g8 AA-ZZ8 Aa-Gg8 Hh10 (aa1 blank, text). III: aaa8 (title, index) a-b8 ccc-ooo8 ppp10 qqq-zzz8 \\i\\i\\i8 \\j\\j\\j8 \\g\\g\\g8 AAA-RRR8 SSS6 (a1 blank, text, SSS6 blank). IV: 4a10 (title, index) 4a-4z8 4\\i10 4\\j8 4\\g8 4A-4Z8 AaAs-NnNn8 OoOo4 (4a1 blank, text). 224; 472; 360; 512 leaves. 55-56 lines, double column. Type: Haebler 4:120G, Haebler 10:58G. Initial spaces, woodcut printer's device in vol. IV, second quire bound at the centre of the first quire. (A little light spotting at beginning and end, occasional light browning.) 18th-century vellum over thin pasteboard with manuscript title on spine (minor spotting, a few small tears). Provenance: Antonius Peragulphus (17/18th-century colophon inscription), 17/18th-century title inscription, some annotations in vol. IV -- [sale Sotheby's, 21 December 1920, lot 549] -- W.A. Harding, Madingley (booklabel)-- Pierre Duhem (booklabel).
SECOND EDITION. Alexander de Ales was one of the great theologians at the University of Paris in the 13th century. His Summa was the first attempt ever made of a systematic exposition of Catholic doctrine, begun in 1231 but left unfinished at his death in 1245. H *644; BMC VII, 1004; GW 872; Goff A-384. (4)