ALLIACO, Petrus de (1350-1420). Imago mundi. -Epilogus mappae mundi. -De legibus et sectis contra superstitiosos astronomos. -Exhortatio super kalendarii correctione. -De vero cycle lunari. -Compendium cosmographiae. -Vigintiloquium de concordia astronomicae veritatis cum theologia. -Concordia astronomicae veritatis cum narratione historica. -Elucidarium astronomicae concordiae cum theologica et historica veritate. -Apologetica defensio astronomicae veritatis. -Altera apogoletica defensio astronomicae veritatis. -De concordia discordantium astronomorum. - Johannes GERSON (1363-1429). Trilogium astrologiae theologisatae. -Contra superstitiosam dierum observantiam. -Contra superstitionem sculpturae leonis. -De observatione dierum quantum ad opera. [Louvain: Johannes de Westfalia, c. 1480; not after 1483].
Chancery 2° (285 x 205mm). Collation: π6 a-k8 l4 aa-ii8 kk10 (π1r blank, π1v introduction to diagrams, π2r diagrams to Imago mundi, π6 blank; a1r blank, a1v note on author, table of contents for volume, a2r chapter list for Imago mundi, a3r tables of latitudes, elevations, and length of the day, a4r Imago mundi; aa1r De concordia astronomice veritatis cum theologia, kk9v-10 blank). 172 leaves. Types: 1B:89G (text), 2:118G (headings), 5:79G (captions). 6-, 4-, and 2-line initial spaces, a few with printed guide-letters. 8 large woodcut diagrams, including a MAPPA MUNDI, 8 smaller woodcut diagrams in text. Unrubricated, except bb6v-dd3r. Signatures to quires a-d printed vertically in the outer margin. The book also quired in manuscript and with contemporary manuscript foliation. Blind bearer type visible at foot of k2v, l4v, bb4v, kk9r. (Front endleaves and added first quire partially detached from sewing, intermittent faint dampstain to upper and lower blank margins, occasional minor smudges, l2-3 cropped short at fore-edge touching marginalia.) CONTEMPORARY OXFORD BINDING BY THE ROOD AND HUNT BINDER, blindstamped calf over bevelled oak boards, sides panelled with outer frame with double-eagle, rosette and small circles, inner frame of repeat garland tool, central panel with rows of double-eagles, monsters, and three different pairs of birds, remains of two clasps catching on lower cover, vellum endleaves, an additional blank 8-leaf quire bound at beginning and end (final blank quire lacking 7 and 8), a number of deckle edges preserved (rebacked); modern drop-back cloth box.
Provenance: Thomas Swalwell, Benedictine monk of Durham Cathedral Priory (d.1539, annotations; cf. A. Piper, 'Dr. Thomas Swalwell, Monk of Durham, Archivist & Bibliophile (d. 1539)', Books and Collectors 1200-1700, Essays Presented to Andrew Watson, eds. J.P. Carley and C.G.C. Tite, 1997) -- John Hyndm[arsh?] (Benedictine monk at Durham Cathedral Priory (d.1533, inscription on flyleaf) -- Sir Thomas Tempest, 4th Baronet (1642-92, signature on π1r; cf. A.I. Doyle, 'The Library of Sir Thomas Tempest: Its Origin and Dispersal', Studies in 17th-century English literature ... Festschrift for Professor T.A. Birrell, eds. Janssens and Aarts, 1984, pp.83-93) -- Joseph W. Weld (shelfmarks; sale, Christie's, 24 July 1970, lot 3) -- [Martin Breslauer 1971] -- Otto Schäfer (bookplate, von Arnim Kat.. no. 268; sale, Sotheby's New York, 1 November 1995, lot 172 to Quaritch) -- Helmut N. Friedlaender (sale Christie's NY, 20 April 2001, lot 11).
FIRST EDITION of one of the earliest scientific books printed in the Netherlands, containing the only map printed there in the 15th century. The influence of this edition was profound. Pierre d'Ailly's opinion that the world was round and his calculations about the size of the globe were an important basis on which Christopher Columbus set sail in 1492. Columbus's own copy of this edition of the Imago mundi, with his extensive annotations reflecting close study, is preserved at the Bibliotheca Colombina, Seville.
AN EVIDENTIARY COPY FOR THE ACTIVITY OF THE LOUVAIN PRINTER JOHANNES DE WESTFALIA AS AN EXPORTER OF BOOKS TO ENGLAND. A fragment of a book inventory from 1483 survives, which lists over 100 volumes received by the Oxford bookseller Thomas Hunt from Johannes de Westfalia and Peter Actors. Included in the inventory are two copies of this work, priced at 4 shillings each. The original Oxford binding of the present copy, executed in a shop associated with Hunt and Theodoric Rood, links it directly to those listed in the inventory.
The volume was originally owned by Benedictine monks of Durham Cathedral Library, who studied at Oxford. A number of Durham Priory books, such as the present one, survived in the library of the Tempest family (see lot 106). Christie's is grateful to Professor A.I. Doyle for identifying the hand as Swalwell's.
[Preserved as sewing guards in three quires ee-gg, vellum strips containing lines 1 (very partial), 12-14 and 17-19 from:]
SIXTUS IV (Francesco della Rovere, 1414-1484, Pope from 1471). [Indulgence to benefit the Knights of Rhodes (John Kendale, Commissary; single issue)]. [Westminster: William Caxton, 1480]. Type 4:100B, woodcut initial. STC (addenda: III, 279) 14077c.107C; Needham, Printer & Pardoner, Cx 42.
The present copy also preserves fragments of one of only 3 known printings (Needham Cx 36, 42 and 43) of an Indulgence printed by William Caxton at Westminster in 1480. Issued to raise funds for the defense of Rhodes by the Knights Hospitallers against the Turks, the indulgence was valid from Palm Sunday, 26 March 1480 to Easter, 22 April 1481. John Kendale, the highest ranking English Hospitaller, ordered on at least 3 (and possibly) 4 occasions in 1480 a stock of printed Indulgence forms, with blanks for the grantee's name and the date to be filled in. Once expired, unsold copies were apparently recycled for the vellum on which they were printed and are preserved today only as fragments of bindings. HC 836*=837; BMC IX, 146 (IB. 49230); BSB-Ink. P-321; CIBN A-250; Polain 134; Schäfer/von Arnim 268 Goff A-477.