The winged horse appears in two important works of Arabic literature, the Suwar al-kawakib al-thabita of Abu-l Husayn 'Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi composed in the 10th century and in the Aja'ib al-Makhluqat of Zakariyya ibn Muhammad al-Qazwini composed in the 13th century. In both instances the winged horse represents the constellation Al-Faras.(Chevaux et cavaliers arabes, exhibition catalogue, Paris, 2002, nos. 177-8, pp.214-5). The symbol on the rump of the horse represented in this silver dish is probably astrological.