This impressive head is sculpted from a variety of hard, fine-grained limestone that was used for important statues during the Old Kingdom, especially during the 4th Dynasty. It is finely sculpted with an oval face and a low, sloping forehead. His eyes are unusually widely spaced beneath naturalistically-rounded brow ridges, the eyeballs are convex with shallow hollows at their inner corners, extending into the broad nasal root. The upper lids are arched and rimmed by an incised line, while the lower lids are undercut, together forming a point at their outer corners. He has high cheekbones, and the preserved corner of the mouth is indented. He wears a short wig with curls arranged in horizontal rows, the curls separated by vertical lines and defined by two or three diagonal incisions, with the top of the wig centered by a disk with a small central depression with radiating lines forming triangular strands. The wig is closely fitted at the front and sides, overhanging at the back, with tapered sideburns. The helix of the ears lie flat against the wig.
Russman (op. cit., p. 117) links the present head to a royal portrait in Berlin (op. cit., pl. 43c-d), which may represent the Pharaoh Khufu. Aspects closely recall the figure of Hemiunu, now in Hildesheim, who was the nephew and vizier (chief minister) of Khufu. Hemiunu supervised the building of the Fourth Dynasty ruler's Great Pyramid and other works at Giza. For Hemiunu's portrait, see D. Arnold, et al., Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids, pp. 229-233. A particularly important stylistic criterion highlighted by Russman (op. cit.) is the very long slit of the inner canthus, a feature seen in the reigns of Snefru, Khufu, Radjedef, and Chephren. The particularly archaic aspects of this head, recalling the sculpture of the Third Dynasty, strongly speak for a dating in the reigns of Snefru or Khufu.