The Arundel 'Juno' from Fawley Court
The statue of Juno, the Roman deity of heaven and consort of Jupiter, formed part of the sculpture collection of Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Arundel (d. 1646). It was acquired around 1720 by the antiquarian John (Cooke) Freeman (d. 1752), and formed part of the collection of statues, of which some were illustrated in John Aubrey's Natural History and Antiquities of Surrey, London, 1719 (pls III-VII). It is likely to have been displayed at the picturesque temple/museum that Freeman had established in the park at Fawley Court, Buckinghamshire for the 'Arundel' marbles, which he had acquired from Boyder Cuper's (Cupid's) garden in Lambeth (see N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Buckinghamshire, 1994, p. 328; and D. Haynes, 'The Fawley Court Relief', Apollo, July 1972, p. 106). Accompanying statues also flanked the roundel fragment from the Great Altar of Pergamon that was set in the temple's gothic ruin façade and featured in a preliminary design for the temple attributed to Freeman himself (G. Tyack 'The Folly and the Mausoleum', Country Life, 20 April 1989, p. 215, fig. 3). The latter figures, of Hellenistic character, were noted in 1732 when John Loveday of Caversham visited the temple that housed Freeman's 'recently purchased Arundel Marbles' and recorded 'Two really antique and mutilated figures, the drapery of one very good, the other defaced'.
The majority of the Arundel marbles, presented in 1755 to Oxford University, are now in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. The Ashmolean collection also includes two statues of Roman consuls and two of Roman warriors that were executed for Arundel in Rome by the sculptor Egidio Moretti (d. after 1651) who is also thought to have restored some of the Earl's antiquities N. Penny, Catalogue of European Sculpture in the Ashmolean Museum, vol. I, Oxford, 1992, nos. 64-67). The Juno, however has been attributed to the Flemish sculptor François Dieussart (d. 1661), who was brought from Rome by the Earl in 1635 to become the finest sculptor working in London (see C. Avery, 'François Dieussart, Portrait Sculptor to the Court of Northern Europe', Studies in European Scupture, London, 1981, p. 205 ff; and E. Chaney, 'Thomas Howard, 14th Earl of Arundel by François Dieussart', Apollo, August, 1996, pp 49 and 50).