New York, East
10 July 2000
AN HISTORIC FIRST MODEL-LONG LAND PATTERN BROWN BESS MUSKET ABOUT 1775
Smoothbore barrel with sighting/bayonet lug, inscribed at breech 10-REG and struck with proof marks, lock marked with crown over GR and marked at tail of lock TOWER, correct first model configuration of frizzen spring but having two screw holes through plates behind cock in the manner of the Type II c.1775 variant, cock appears to be an American replacement, walnut stock (with some repairs and losses) marked ED, bearing carving around barrel tang and pregnant swell at ram rod thimble, brass plate at wrist indistinctly engraved, rounded scrolling counter-plate, robust trigger guard (lacks swivel), and brass butt plate with extended tang over comb.
45½ inch barrel
Approximately .77 calibre.
Found after the Battle of Brandywine by a direct ancestor of the consignor. The Battle of Brandywine took place on September 11, 1777 near present day West Chester, Pennsylvania. This musket was found at the location nearby now known as Woodward's Corner which is about one-half mile from the battle site. Found by Nancy Woodward and subsequently hidden through the duration of the Revolutionary War. Inherited by her son Thron Woodward and descending to his son Johnathan J. Woodward, to his John M. Woodward, to Samuel Pennock Woodward, to George P. Woodward, to Samuel O. Woodward and his son Merlin Lee and grandson Samuel Lee.
Significant in American history, the Battle of Brandywine, was a defeat for General Washington and his army. It is ironic that General Howe did not destroy Washington's forces but rather left the Continental forces intact thus allowing the Revolutionary War to continue. More significantly, Howe's advance on Philadelphia left the flamboyant British General Burgoyne unsupported, thus directly resulting in the debacle of the Battle of Saratoga where Burgoyne was defeated by General Horatio Gates.
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