Some of the characters on the foot are not legible as the glaze had run over the incising but from the right hand side, the first three characters of the first line may read: Jiexiu xian, which refers to Jiexiu County. Jiexiu County is located in Shanxi, where a kiln site at Hongshanzhen was excavated in 1959; this kiln site was known to have produced moulded and black-glazed wares during the Song dynasty, see P. Hughes-Stanton and R. Kerr, Kiln Sites of the Ancient China: Recent Finds of Pottery and Porcelain, pp. 100-1. The last character of the first line and first two characters of the second line may read: Yi Chang Li, which probably records the name of a village. The next three characters may refer to the designated title of the person to whom this large vase was dedicated, whose name according to the third line is Li Xiren, the eldest son. The signature, Li (x?) Shi, is probably the name of the potter or the donor.
Compare a Junyao vase of similar shape, illustrated by R. L. Hobson, The George Eumorfopoulous Collection Catalogue of Chinese, Corean, Persian Pottery and Porcelain, vol. III, pl. X, C.33.