This fine snuff-box was presented by Shahzada Muhammad Jamal-ud-din Sultan Sahib (1795-13 November 1842), or Prince Jamh O Deen of Mysore, son of Tipu Sultan to John Cam Hobhouse Bt., 1st Baron Broughton (d. 1869) in July 1835 in gratitude for arranging the pensions of Tipu Sultan's sons.
Prince Jamh O Deen of Mysore, was one of 16 sons of Tipu Sultan (1750-1799). The contemporary account of Fanny Parkes (Wanderings of a Pilgrim in Search of the Picturesque: During Four-and-twenty years in the East; with Revelations of Life in the Zenana, London, 1850) records him on 1 October 1823: We have had a singular visitor, Shahzadah Zahangeer Zaman Jamh O Deen Mahomud, Prince of Mysore, the son of Tippoo Sahib, and one of the two hostages (ibid, p. 33) (presumably the 'two hostages' refer to Tipu's two sons which he was forced to give away to the British in 1792 as ransom for peace, implying that Fanny Parkes was misinformed of the prince's background, given his birth date of 1795). The prince invited her to a nach (an Indian dance) a few months later but is not mentioned again in her memoir (ibid, p. 40).
Held hostage by the East India Company after the fall of Seringapatam, 4 May 1799, the family of Tipu Sultan was deported to Calcutta in 1806 following the outbreak of rebellion at Vellore. In Calcutta the family received settlements of land and pensions, which are detailed in an 'Account of the Receipts and Expenditure of the Appropriated Mysore Deposit Fund' and of the 'Disbursements on account of the families of Hyder Ali and Tippoo Sultan', including 'Memorials from Prince Gholam Mahomed', (one of Tipu's sons), 'Despatches to the Court of Directors of the East India Company' and 'any Dissents recorded by Members of the Council of India'. Sir John Cam Hobhouse was instrumental in securing the pensions for the sons of Tipu Sultan, and this box was a gift to him from Jamh O Deen in thanks for his help in arranging these.
John Cam Hobhouse, was a British politician and memoirist. The eldest son of Sir Benjamin Hobhouse, he was born at Redland near Bristol, educated at Westminster School and at Cambridge, where he became intimate with Lord Byron, and accompanied him in his journeys in the Peninsula, Greece, and acted as his 'best man'. On his return he threw himself into politics with great energy as an advanced Radical he entered Parliament in 1820 sitting for Westminster. After the attainment of power by the Whigs he held various offices, including those of Secretary at War, Chief Secretary for Ireland, and President of the Board of Control.
Akbar Shah II (1760-1837) was the penultimate Mughal Emperor of India (ruled 1806-1837).