Lucretia, a figure emblematic of Roman virtue and symbolic of the establishment of the Roman Republic. According to Roman legend she was the beautiful and virtuous wife of Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus. She was raped by Sextus Tarquinius, son of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, the tyrannical Etruscan King of Rome. Having exacted an oath of vengeance, from both father and son, she stabbed herself. Lucius Junius Brutus then led a rebellion which drove the Tarquins from Rome and led to the founding of the Roman Republic, traditionally dated 509 BC.