Related Roman armchairs, with restrained classical ornament and with similar pierced backs and carved masks, are illustrated in A. Gonzlez-Palacios, Fasto Romano, Rome, 1991, p. 183, fig. 132 (from the Fondazione Caetani), and A. Gonzlez-Palacios, Il Tempio del Gusto: Roma e il Regno delle Due Sicilie, Milan, 1984, vol. II, p. 84, fig. 162. (from the collection of Sir Harold Acton, Florence).