Musicians playing two pipes are depicted in antiquity, for example a bronze figure from Syria which can be dated to the third century in the Damascus Museum (Syrie, Mémoire et Civilisation, exhibition catalogue, Paris, 1993, no.275, pp.324-5). The detailing of the present figure is however very different and more stylised than the Roman period figure. The parallel lines used in the folds and the dots or circles running along the edges of the drapery are however both close to those seen on a stucco figure from Qasr Hayr al-Gharbi (Syrie, Mémoise et Civilisation, no.307, p.,416). The headdress can also be found on an ivory panel of a drummer seated frontally, executed in a more realistic manner, in the Louvre Museum (L'Islamic dans les collections nationales, exhibition catalogue, Paris, 1977, no.305, p.152). That example is attributed to Iraq from the 9th-13th centuries.