The various notes may be read, nanlu, bei ingzheung, zhonglu, guxi and bei izhe. The cast bells were machined to the right thickness to attain the desired pitch.
Similar bells also dated to the fifty-fourth year of Kangxi (1716) have been sold Christie's, New York, 30 November 1984, lot 554, and Christie's, Hong Kong, 17 May 1989, lot 454 and 26 April 1999, lot 520.
A complete carillon of similar gilt-bronze bells of Kangxi date from the Palace Museum, Beijing, was included in the exhibition, La Cité interdite; Vie publique et privée des empereurs de Chine (1644 - 1911), Musée du Petit Palais, Paris, 1996 - 97, p. 170 - 71, no. 49. This set bears a date corresponding to 1713.