ANTONINUS FLORENTINUS (1389-1459, Saint). Summa historialis, sive Chronicon. Nuremberg: Anton Koberger, 31 July 1484.
3 volumes, royal 2o (vol. 1: 375 x 260 mm; vols. 2-3: 390 x 260 mm). (Vol. I) [1-26; 3-68 7-386; 396] blank, 1/2r table, 2/6 blank; prologue, 3/2r table, 3/3r text part I, 38/6 blank; index, 39/5v-6 blank). 235 leaves (of 236, without the first blank). (Vol. II) [1-26; 38 4-426; 436] blank, 1/2r table, 2/6 blank;blank, 3/2r table, 3/3r text part II, 42/6v blank; index, 43/6 blank). 257 leaves (of 260, without blanks 2/6, 3/1). (Vol. III) [1-26; 38 4-436 4410; 456] blank, 1/2r table, 2/6 blank;blank, 3/2r table, 3/3r text part III,v blank, index, 45/5-6 blank). 266 leaves (of 270, without blanks 2/6, 45/5-6). 68 lines, double columns. Types 8:84G (text), 9:165G (headlines). Three 20- or 21-line, one 10-line, numerous 5- to 2-line initial spaces. Nuremberg illumination consisting of 3 very large Lombard initials in burnished gold on grounds of blue with white tracery or mauve with liquid gold tracery, one large blue Lombard initial with white tracery on burnished gold ground, the gold decorated with incised dots and rosettes. Rubricated with red and blue Lombard initials, red paragraph marks and underlines, capital strokes, brackets and pointing hands in margins. (Front flyleaf to vol. III detached and laid in, vol. I with ca. 5 leaves cropped touching headline, intermittent faint dampstain to inner margins of vol. I and upper margins of vol. III, reinforcements to inner margins of most leaves in vol. I, a few tiny mostly marginal wormholes at the beginning and end of each volume; small puncture in III:3/3 touching 3 letters.) 17th-century blind-tooled alum-tawed pigskin over wooden boards, brass clasps (a few unobtrusive stains, one tailcap slightly frayed).
Provenance: occasional contemporary marginalia -- HILPRAND BRANDENBURG (d. 1514): his woodcut hand-colored bookplate, contemporary Buxheim inscription recording his donation on the front flyleaf of vol. III (Liber Cartusiensium in Buchshaim prope Memmingen proveniens a confratre nostro domino Hilprando Brandenburg de Bibraco, continens ultimam partem Cronice Anthonini archiepiscopi Florentini. Oretur pro eo, et pro quibus desideravit) -- Buxheim, Charterhouse: contents note, donation inscription, 16th-century inscriptions (Cartusiae Aulae B. Mariae in Buxheim), armorial library stamps, stencilled shelfmarks L210, L211, L212 in red ink on paper labels at foot of spines -- Graf von Ostein -- Graf von Waldbott-Bassenheim: sale, Carl Förster, Munich, 1883 -- pencilled initials "AE" inside back cover of vol. I -- "coll.compl.Sch." pencilled inside back covers of vols. I and II - Joseph F. Mittong, St. Louis: book labels -- [Sotheby's New York, 27 February 1973, lot 247]
FIRST EDITION. The Chronicon, or Summa historialis, of Antoninus Florentinus, archbishop of Florence, was composed during the last twenty years of its author's life and was intended as a supplement to and illustration of his Summa moralis (see lot 14). Whereas that work offered a survey of moral theology, the Chronicon presented history as a series of examples of righteous living. Extending from Creation to the year of the author's death, the work is a compilation of ancient, medieval and contemporary sources, the last including the Florentine writers Poggio Bracciolini and Leonardo Bruni. Although the Chronicon is largely derivative, for the events of Antoninus' lifetime it constitutes a significant original source.
This copy was presented to the Charterhouse at Buxheim by Hilprand Brandenburg. A portion of the original fifteenth-century endleaf to volume III, with Buxheim's characteristic note of donation and contents, together with Brandenburg's hand-colored woodcut bookplate, was affixed to the later flyleaf of volume III, presumably when the set was rebound in the 17th century. A some point this flyleaf was torn out of its parent volume and sold separately. When it re-appeared on the market in 1977, the combined evidence of the contents note and the shape of the leaf where the torn edge had been trimmed showed that it belonged to this set, and the two were reunited in the Friedlaender collection (see Oyens). The 15th-century flyleaf from volume I of this set, with the Hilprand Brandenburg bookplate and the Buxheim inscription, is in the Franks Collection of German bookplates in the Department of Drawings and Prints at the British Museum.
THE WOODCUT EXLIBRIS OF HILPRAND BRANDENBURG IS ONE OF THE EARLIEST PRINTED BOOKPLATES. Hilprand Brandenburg (1442-1514), the son of a patrician family of Biberach in Swabia, studied in Pavia and Basel. After his ordination in 1473 he held a number of ecclesiastical preferments in southern Germany, and in 1506 he became a priest-donate of the Carthusian monastery at Buxheim. From his student years he had acquired books for himself and for donation to churches. His first recorded gift to Buxheim was made in 1479; by the end of his life he had given the monastery a total of 450 books, both manuscript and printed. In these the donation was recorded in an inscription naming the monastery, the donor, and the text, and also by the presence of a hand-colored woodcut bookplate showing Hilprand's coat-of-arms supported by an angel. From the early 1470s Hilprand had marked his books with his arms, in illuminated borders (see lot 18) or as a small supralibros. The bookplate is assumed to date from the same period or perhaps from ca. 1480. In a number of volumes from Buxheim, including vol. 3 of the present set, the exlibris overlies a portion of the monastery's inscription, indicating that these bookplates at least were inserted at Buxheim. Victor Scholderer pointed out that some of the bookplates are printed on the reverse of printer's waste from the shop of Albrecht Kunne at Memmingen, near Buxheim, and that the types used for the unidentified waste text include Kunne's type 7, one of the last types adopted by him before 1501. Although this suggests a late date for the exlibris, examples of it are found in books which must have been among the earliest acquired by Hilprand. Despite recent efforts to reconstruct the libraries of Hilprand and of Buxheim, there has been no thorough census and study of the bookplates themselves. Since differences in coloring suggest that not all of them were prepared at the same time, one may suppose that the woodblock was cut for Hilprand and that it remained in use for a period of time.
HC 1159*; BMC II, 426 (IC. 7320); BSB-Ink. A-563; CIBN A-450; GW 2072; Harvard/Walsh 701; Needham Hilprand Brandenburg 93; Felix de Marez Oyens, "Hilprand Brandenburg and His Books, 2," in The Library, series 6, vol. 1, no. 1, March 1979, p. 81; Scholderer Hilprand Brandenburg 22; V. Honemann, "The Buxheim Collection and Its Dispersal", Renaissance Studies, vol. 9, 1995, pp. 166-188; Goff A-778. (3)