ATHENAEUS of Naucratis (fl. c.200 A.D.). Deiphosophistae, in Greek. Edited by Marcus Musurus (c.1470-1517). Venice: Aldus Manutius and Andreas Torresanus, August 1514.
Super-chancery 2° (327 x 211mm). 168 leaves, paginated. Aldine device (Fletcher f4) on first and last pages. Greek type 3bis:90 (text), italic 1:80 (dedication), roman 12:90 (incidental). 45 lines and 2 headlines, pages ruled in red. Initial spaces with guide-letters. Gold-tooled blue straight-grained morocco, sides with roll-tooled border à vermiculures, spine tooled in gilt and blind with pointillé design, citron morocco doublures with gilt roll-tooled border, olive free endpaper, vellum flyleaves, gilt edges, pink silk ribbon marker, by Bozerian jeune, signed at foot of spine (negligible split at lower joint and scuff on front board edge). Provenance: Paris, library of St.-Germain-des-Pres (largely formed by the humanist bishop of Meaux, Guillaume Briçonnet (1472-1534), stamp on title).
VERY FINE COPY OF THE EDITIO PRINCEPS of Athenaeus' only extant work. The title means 'men learned in the arts of the banquet', and the banquet is the forum for 23 learned men, some with the names of real persons, such as Galen and Ulpian, to discuss philosophy, literature, law, medicine and other disciplines. It also contains much practical detail pertaining to ancient food, wine, and dining customs, with many anecdotes deriving from now lost authors. Aldus began to plan a Greek edition of Athenaeus soon after establishing his press; a one-page proof of an unrealised edition, printed in Aldus's second Greek type (first used in 1496) and containing the epitome of book 1, survives at the Pierpont Morgan Library (C. Bühler, 'Aldus Manutius and the Printing of Athenaeus,' Gutenberg-Jahrbuch 1955, pp.104-6). Adams A-2096; Ahmanson-Murphy, 105; Hoffmann I, 394; Renouard p.67; Vicaire 50.