Closely related to a drawing by Giovanni Francesco Penni in the Petit Palais, Paris, which represents an early phase in the preparation of Raphael's Saint Cecilia altarpiece, painted in 1514, in the Pinacoteca Nazionale, Bologna (E. Knab, E. Mitsch and K. Oberhuber, Raphael. Die Zeichnungen, Stuttgart, 1983, fig. 130). The drawing shows several differences to the painting which is also recorded in an engraving by Marcantonio Raimondi. In the 18th Century the drawing was considered a capital drawing by Raphael.