Marie-Thérèse was the eldest child of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie-Antoinette. After years in prison and having seen her parents and aunt decapitated by the Revolutionaries, she was finally exchanged against French prisoners and lived in Vienna from January 1796 to May 1799. In 1799, she was married to her first cousin, Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême (see lot 203). After years of errance and exile, she returned to France in 1814 (see lot 64).
The present miniature is derived from the prototype by Füger, formerly in the collection of Friedrich Neuburg, Litomerice.