AUGUSTINUS (pseudo-). De vita christiana. -De singularitate clericorum. [Cologne]: Ulrich Zel, 1467.
Chancery 4o in half-sheets (188 x 130 mm). Collation: [1-78] (1/1 blank, 1/2r De vita christiana, 3/5 blank, 3/6r De singularitate clericorum, 7/6r colophon, 7/6v, 7/7, 7/8 blank). 56 leaves. 25 lines (1/2-1/3), 27 or 28 lines. Types: 2:115G (headings), 1:96G (text, leaded to 108 on 1/2-1/3), 2:115G (headings). Four-line initial spaces. Two blue Lombard initials with reserved ornament colored yellow and red pen-flourishing filled with green and yellow wash; one simple red Lombard. Rubricated with red capital stokes and paragraph signs, red scrolling frames drawn around titles and colophon. A row of square quads inked and printed in the lower margin of 2/3r. (Faint dampstain to upper blank margins, a few minor smudges.) Modern brown morocco.
Provenance: a few contemporary marginalia (slightly cropped) -- 17th-century(?) woodcut armorial bookplate of an unidentified bishop -- Albert Ehrman, Broxbourne Library: bookplates and markings; sale, Sotheby's London, 14 November 1977, lot 105.
Second edition and the second dated book printed in Cologne. Ulrich Zel, Cologne's first printer, learned his craft from Fust and Schoeffer in Mainz. He began printing in Cologne probably in 1465, produced his first dated book (Johannes Chrysostom, Super psalmo L) in 1466, and continued active until the end of the fifteenth century. Unlike other early printers, who printed books mostly in folio format, Zel preferred quartos. His production consisted predominantly of theological works in Latin, although he printed some classical and humanistic texts and a few books in German.
The reputation and importance of St. Augustine of Hippo, the great Father of the Latin Church, attracted the attribution to him of many works which he did not write. The first of the treatises included in the present edition was probably the work of Pelagius; the second, which has been attributed to St. Augustine, to St. Cyprian or to Origen, is perhaps by Pope Lucius I or Coelestius.
HC 2094* (including H 2082*); BMC I, 179 (IA. 2713); BSB-Ink. P-122; CIBN A-773; GW 3038; Pr 802; Voulliéme Köln 201; Goff A-1355.