BERNARDUS CLARAVALLENSIS (1090-1153, Saint). Sermones de tempore et de sanctis. -Sermones de diversis. -Ad milites templi de laude novae militae. -Sermo ad clerum in concilio Remensi congregatum. -De conversione ad clericos. - BERNARDUS CLARAVALLENSIS (pseudo-). Sermo ad pastores in synodo congregatos. - BERNARDUS TOLETANUS. Sermones super Salve regina. Mainz: Peter Schoeffer, 14 April 1475.
Royal 2o (402 x 285 mm). Collation: [1-310 48 56(5+1) 6-910 108; 11-1510 16-178 186; 19-2510] Sermones de tempore, De quadragesima sermo primus; In assumpcione beate marie sermo primus, In psalmum qui habitat sermo primus; Sermones de diversis, 25/7r colophon and printer's device, 25/7v blank, 25/8r table, 25/9v blank). 235 leaves, double column. 47 lines. Type 5:118G. Two section titles ,), colophon and printer's device printed in red. Two 9-line, one 4-line and many 2-line initial spaces. One foliate arabesque initial ) supplied in liquid gold, orange, green and lavender (slightly rubbed), red Lombard initials, capitals touched in red. Manuscript headlines. Single pinholes visible between columns in upper margins (sometimes cropped) and lower margins. Printing-house corrections to 1/7r and 12/8v. Traces of manuscript quiring in center of lower margin on first recto of each quire. (A few small wormholes through ca. 20 leaves at beginning and end.)
Binding: contemporary blind-ruled alum-tawed deerskin over wooden boards, preserving some deckle edges, endbands of tawed leather thongs, two clasps with plain brass catches and catchplates, 4 (of 8) plain brass cornerpieces (a few tiny wormholes, small piece of leather missing from back cover).
Provenance: Jacobus Weidener of Nyssa, canon of Liegnitz, purchased by him, annotated, and left to the nuns of Liebenthal: inscriptions on front pastedown (Liber Magistri Jacobi Weidener de Nissa per eundem comparatus) and back pastedown (Liber Magistri Jacobi Weidener de Nissa canonici Legnitzensis quem post mortem meam lego nomine testamenti deuotis virginibus in monasterio in Libental, ut exorent deum pro anima ipsius), copious notes on endleaves and blank pages, marginalia throughout -- Liebenthal, Silesia, Benedictine nuns: gift inscription (see above), 17th-century inscription on vellum sewing guard inside front cover (Liber Divi Bernardi ex monasterio Leovallensium) -- Austria, Bundesdenkmalamt: inkstamp, dated 2.xii.1927 in pencil, on back pastedown - [Sotheby's London, 28 June 1994, lot 576; to Quaritch, collation mark dated 1 July 1994]
FIRST EDITION of the Sermones de tempore et de sanctis of St. Bernard of Clairvaux and of other sermons attributed to him in the later Middle Ages. The works of St. Bernard, one of the most accomplished preachers and influential religious figures of the twelfth century, enjoyed a new popularity in the fifteenth century, in Germany as elsewhere in Europe. Bernard's works were particularly popular with preachers and were recommended to young clerics. This edition of the Sermones de tempore et de sanctis et de diversis was the first of six printed in the fifteenth century and one of about 200 incunable editions of works attributed to Bernard. The care with which this copy has been indexed and annotated attests its probable use as a source for sermons and teaching by Jacobus Weidener of Nyssa, who may have served as chaplain to the convent of nuns to whom he willed the book.
On 1/7r of this edition the compositor inserted a heading which was repeated immediately afterwards in slightly different form; the first version has here been scored through in red ink. On 12/8v a line of text was printed out of place, 13 lines higher in the column than it should have been; this was scored through in red, and the text was reprinted in the lower margin (in a different setting), with carats in red ink indicating the correct point of insertion. These errors and the corrections occur in the same form in the copies at the British Library, the Bibliothèque nationale de France, and the Pierpont Morgan Library, indicating that the corrections were made in the printing house itself.
H 2844*; BMC I, 32 (IC. 197); BSB-Ink. B-320; CIBN B-262; GW 3940; Lehmann-Haupt, Peter Schoeffer 53; G. Constable, "The Popularity of Twelfth-Century Spiritual Writers in the Late Middle Ages," in Renaissance: Studies in Honor of Hans Baron, Florence 1971, pp. 5-28; J. Leclercq, "Die Verbreitung der Bernhardinischen Schriften im deutschen Sprachraum," in Bernhard von Clairvaux, Mönch und Mystiker, ed. J. Lortz, Wiesbaden 1955, pp. 176-191; Goff B-436.