BIDLOO, Govard (1649-1713). Anatomia humani corporis, centum & quinque tabulis, per artificiossis. G. de Lairesse ad vivum delineatis. Amsterdam: for the widow of Joannes van Someren, the heirs of Joannes van Dyk, Henry Boom and widow of Theodore Boom, 1685.
Large 2o (592 x 345 mm). Additional engraved title, engraved portrait by Abraham Bloteling after Gérard de Lairesse, 105 numbered engraved plates after Lairesse, probably by Bloteling, number 10 printed on two sheets and 23 folding, printer's woodcut device on title, woodcut initials and tailpieces. (Some pale spotting and occasional soiling, marginal soiling on plate 64, plate 23 with short repaired tear at fold not touching image, final plate with a few small repairs at edges.) Contemporary Dutch blind-panelled vellum (rebacked to match).
FIRST EDITION of this striking anatomical atlas, whose plates after drawings by Gérard de Lairesse (1640-1711) display the emotional and slightly morbid tendencies of the Baroque. Lairesse, a painter, draughtsman and printmaker from Liège, contributed to the Gallicization of Dutch art in the latter half of the 17th century. His illustrations for Bidloo, who later served as physician to William of Orange, eerily juxtapose meticulously realistic images of flayed corpses or body parts with objects of everyday life. "For Lairesse, [these illustrations] were an occasion for an artistic meditation on anatomy... His illustrations brought the qualities of Dutch still-life painting into anatomical illustration, and gave a new, darker spiritual expression to the significance of the art of dissection." Probably engraved by Abraham Bloteling, inventor of the mezzotint rocker, the plates were reissued in 1698 by the surgeon William Cowper with English text, without Bidloo's permission. Choulant-Frank, pp. 251-252; Garrison-Morton 385; Heirs of Hippocrates 667; NLM/Krivatsy 1238; Norman 231; Wellcome II, p. 165.