BIEL, Gabriel (ca. 1420-1495) [also attributed to Guilermus TEXTORIS (d. 1512)]. Sermo historialis passionis dominicae. - Johannes KANNEMANN (d. after 1469). De passione Christi secundum quattuor evangelistas. - Passio sive sermo in diebus Parasceves. - ANSELMUS (pseudo-). Dialogus Anselmi et Beatae Mariae Virginis de passione Jesu Christi. - BERNARDUS CLARAVALLENSIS (pseudo-) [i.e., OGLERIUS DE TRIDINO (1136-1214)]. De planctu Beatae Mariae Virginis. Strassburg: [Printer of the 1483 Jordanus de Quedlinburg (Georg Husner)], 11 February 1496.
Chancery 4o (202 x 138 mm). Collation: a-o8 p-y8.4 z8 8 8. (a1r title, a1v blank, a2r Biel, with heading attributing the work to Textoris and two prefaces, n6v Kanneman, with two prefaces, v3v Passio sive sermo in diebus Paraceves 2v colophon, 3 blank, 4r Anselm, 2r Oglerius, 6v-8 blank). 184 leaves. 35 lines, double column. Types: 1:160G (title and headings), 4:80G (text). Seven- to three-line initial spaces, most with printed guide-letters. Rubricated with red Lombard initials, paragraph signs and underlines. (Minor stains or smudges to ca. 10 leaves, intermittent dampstain to blank fore- and tail-edges.)
Binding: contemporary German blind-tooled pigskin over wooden boards, the sides divided by triple fillets into a frame surrounding a central panel tooled to a saltire pattern, the stamps including a pomegranate, an eagle, an arrangement of oak leaves with two acorns, IHS in a shield-shaped frame and two small decorative stamps, the tools not in Kyriss or Schwenke-Sammlung; a number of deckle edges preserved, spine liners cut from an 11th-century devotional manuscript, liner at back from a 12th-century sermon manuscript in German proto-gothic minuscule; one clasp catching on back cover, one leather index tab (small losses of leather to front and back covers, pastedowns partially lifted).
Provenance: extensive contemporary annotations, including marginalia, headlines, paragraph signs, underlines and partial foliation, all in black ink -- occasional annotations in other early hands -- Buxheim, Charterhouse: contents note on title page, shelfmark M.192 stencilled in red on a paper spine label, armorial library stamp on a2r -- Graf von Ostein -- Graf von Waldbott-Bassenheim: sale, Carl Förster, Munich, 1883 -- [Bernard M. Rosenthal, Inc.]
Fourth edition of this collection. The first three works have until recently been attributed to Gulielmus Textor, or Wilhelm Tzewers (d. 1512), a theologian at Erfurt and Basel. According to BSB-Ink., following the Verfasserlexikon, the first work is in fact by Gabriel Biel and the second by Johann Kannemann. Biel's long sermon on the passion provides extensive commentary on the Biblical text. On f. 72v of this edition, where the printed text interprets Christ's last words, the annotator of this copy remarks that he had consulted a learned Jew on the correct form of the Hebrew word and then explains how the Biblical text came to be corrupted.
H 1140* (Anselmus and pseudo-Bernardus); H 2909 (pseudo-Bernardus); C 5778; BMC I, 145 (IA. 1969); BSB-Ink. B-513; CIBN T-95; Goff T-122.