BOLIVAR, Simon (1783-1830). Letter signed addressed to General Carlos Soublette, 'Q[uarte]l G[enera]l de Caycara, En[er]o 5, 1820 - 10', in Spanish, printed heading of 'Republica de Colombia Simon Bolivar Presidente de la Republica, General en Gefe del Exercito Libertador', on a bifolium, 3 pages, 4to, address panel, 'El Presidente Al G[enera]l Gefe del Exercito M[ayo]r G[enera]l Carlos Soublette Donde se habla', (4 tiny holes touching one word, slight wear in folds, faint traces of seal); framed and glazed.
An urgent letter to his chief of staff, giving brisk instructions relating to movements of troops and baggage, for payments and the advance towards San Fernando, and information about the movements of other officers, written within three weeks of the unification of the republics of Venezuela and New Granada in the single state of Columbia under Bolivar's presidency.
Soublette is to pay bills, and deal with the army's equipment and baggage. 'Supongo que Usted depara aqui todos los objetos que debar conservarse con esmero, con una pequena guardia, pero baxo la vigilancia de las personas mas formales que haya en el exercito y que Usted conosca hasta que vengon a San Carlos de San Fernando. Llevara Usted por delante la ropa y los demas objetos que mas facilmente se puedan robar, y depara para el segundo viaje las armas, municiones, fornituras y equipamentos que nadi quiene robar' (I assume that you will leave here all the things that must be kept with care, with a small guard, but under the supervision of the more regular ones who are in the army and whom you know, until they come to San Carlos from San Fernando. Remove first the uniforms and the other things that can easily be stolen, and leave for the second journey the arms, munitions, furnishings and equipment which no one can steal).
As well as theft, Bolivar shows concern about possible desertion, instructing Soublette that the squadrons must march quickly to avoid it, and also refers to uniforms and the need to recover all the guns that Colonel Hernandez finds and give them to the squadron in San Fernando. Further instructions refer to the best route to be taken.
Written in the somewhat confused period after Bolivar had left for the Apure, hoping to take on the main Spanish force. The cavalry available to him was unfit owing to an epidemic among the horses, and the infantry were deserting. He spent January and February 1820 moving between the small towns on the Orinoco or its tributaries, on the border between Venezuela and New Granada. Caycara faces Cabruta on the river, on the edge of the region and about 100 kilometres South East of San Fernando.
Bolivar's principal officers named in the letter include General Manuel Cedeno, one of the guerilla chieftains, who was Soublette's second. Carlos Soublette (1790-1870) was later Secretary of War for Venezuela and, from 1843 to 1847, President.
Apparently unpublished (not in the Cartas, ed. J.E.Rodo and R.Blanco-Fombona, 1913).