BOLIVIA - ALVAREZ, Antonio Maria, Antonio de RIVERO, Juan Jose ALCON, and Manuel de LEON. A collection of 10 manuscript military plans for the campaign of general Jose Manuel de Goyeneche in Bolivia. [Bolivia: 20th April 1811 - 27th May 1812].
Ten manuscript maps on paper, ink and wash, various sizes from 215 x 310 to 485 x 595mm. (Some light creasing along old fold lines, 2 slightly shaved to margins, a few clean tears to folds).
A FASCINATING SERIES OF MILITARY MAPS DOCUMENTING THE EARLY 19TH CENTURY UPRISINGS IN BOLIVIA drawn up by Spanish engineers under the command of the Bolivian born general of the Spanish forces, Jose Manuel Goyeneche. In 1808 Goyeneche was sent by Ferdinand VII of Spain to South America, to bring order to the dissention in Bolivia. Arriving in Buenos Aires he took control of Spanish troops and moving north to Lake Titicaca, defeated the insurgents of Castelli in June 1811 at the battle of Huaqui, at the southern end of Lake. The rebels (Castelli and his forces, mostly from Cochabamba) were camped along the lake shore near Desaguadero, and Goyeneche with a small force moved up from the south to surprise and defeat the rebel troops. In early 1812 the rebellion had spread to south to Potosi and Spanish troops under Brigadier Picoaga at Suipacha defeated the rebels at Nazareno, reclaiming the southern areas of the country. General Goyeneche was occupied in crushing the revolt at Cochabamba; leaving his base at Potosi he moved on Cochabamba, but was ambushed in the cerro de San Sebastian at the edge of the town. The revolt however was soon crushed. The maps are all carefully executed in a exact military style, most authorised with the cypher of Antonio Maria Alvarez, commander of the Corps of Surveyors.
The maps comprise:
1.RIVERO, Antonio de. Plan y manifiesta los Luoares, y Caminos de este psrtido confinct. con los de la sierra. Ink and grey wash plan signed by Rivero, 215 x 310mm.
2.LEON, Manuel de, and Antonio Maria ALVAREZ. Plano del Desaguadero..ano de 1811. Ink and colour washed plan of the village of Desaguadero at the southern end of Lake Titicaca showing the vital bridge over the river on the road to Huaqui and La Paz, as well as the disposition of the forces in the early stages of the battle of Huaqui, 410 x 580mm
3. ALVAREZ, Antonio Maria. Plano de Lauatalla de Huaqui..contra los insurgentes de Buenos ayres el dia 20 de Junio de 1811. Ink and colour washed plan of the river Desaguadero, Huaqui and the vicinity, showing the disposition and movements of the forces during the battle of Huaqui. 470 x 590mm.
4. ALVAREZ, Antonio Maria and Manuel de LEON. Plano del pueblo de Zepita...ano de 1811. Ink and colour wash plan of the village of Zepita near Desaguedero on the western shore of Lake Titicaca, showing the disposition of forces around the village. It later became the base of General Goyeneche's campaign against the rebels. 600 x 480mm.
5. Croquis que de muestra el camino y senos de los serros que median entre el Desagud.o y Gauqui. Ink and colour wash general plan of the the Huaqui area with an inset of the village of Azafranal, 300 x 420mm.
6.ALVAREZ, Antonio Maria. Plano de la ciudad de Cochauamba y .... del cerro de Sn. Sevastian el dia 27 de Mayo de 1812. Ink and colour wash plan of the town of Cochabamba, central Bolivia, south of La Paz, showing the disposition and movements of the Spanish during their assault on the town. 415 x 560mm.
7.and 8. ALCON, Juan Jose. Plano Topografico que designa los caminos desde Suipacha hasta Salta, Tarifa y Cinti...Suipacha 9 de Feb. de 1812. Together with an untitled extension to this map by Alcon covering the roads from Suipacha to Potosi. 2 ink and wash road maps covering the area from Potosi in southern Bolivia directly south along the Andes to Salta in Northern Argentina, a distance of 250 miles, marking the principal towns and villages and the distances between each, both 300 x 420mm.
9.and 10. Two unsigned general military sketch maps of the region of Lake Titicaca and la Paz, in two hands, one showing the principal physical features and churches in the region, the other with more detailed roads and settlements added, both for use during the Bolivian campaigns, each 395 x 275mm. (10)