17 April 2000
BONAVENTURA (Saint, ca. 1217-1274). Breviloquium. Nuremberg: Johann Sensenschmidt, 10 February 1472.
Median 2o (337 x 230 mm). Collation: [1-210 38 46(6+1) 5-710 84] (1/1r text, 7/9v colophon, 7/10r table). 69 leaves. 39 lines. Type: 1:114G. Two- to four-line initial spaces. Rubricated with red Lombard initials, capital strokes, paragraph signs and underlines. Two pinholes visible in inner margins. Large quads partially inked and printed in several initial spaces. (Dampstain to upper and some inner margins, smudges to 5/7v and 8/4v.) Modern calf antique.
FIRST DATED EDITION, possibly the first edition. The text was also printed in Cologne by Arnold Ther Hoernen as a supplement to Bonaventura's Itinerarium mentis in deum ca. 1472, i.e., between 1471 and 1475. The Breviloquium was one of Bonaventure's principal theological works.
Johann Sensenschmidt of Eger, Nuremberg's first printer, probably learned printing in Mainz, and is sometimes credited with having worked on the 36-line Bible in Bamberg. He settled in Nuremberg ca. 1469 and produced his first dated book in 1470. BMC divides his Nuremberg career into four phases: ca. 1470-1472, when his press was apparently financed by Heinrich Rumel, with Sensenschmidt himself and Heinrich Kefer as printers; a period of a few months ca. December 1472 when Sensenschmidt was the sole owner of the press and signed an edition of Albertus de Eyb, Margarita poetica (see lot 51); a short period ca. April 1473 when he and Kefer printed the Panthologia of Rainerius de Pisis (see lot 52); and a period of partnership with Andreas Frisner, ca. 1474-1478, which was also accompanied by a change of types.
H 3472*; BMC II, 405 (IB. 7019); BSB-Ink. B-653; GW 4651; Pr 1947; Goff B-855.
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