BONAVENTURA (pseudo-) [i.e., SERVASANCTUS FAVENTINUS, d. ca. 1300]. Sermones de tempore et de sanctis. Zwolle: [Johannes de Vollenhoe], 1479.
Chancery 2o (273 x 195 mm). Collation: [110 2-428 436 (1/1 blank, 1/2r register/table of contents, 1/10v-2/1 blank, 2/2r text, 43/4v colophon, 43/5-6 blank)]. 342 leaves (of 344, without the two final blanks). 39 lines, double column. Type: 2:103G (Hellinga De Vollenhoe type 1). One 5-line and numerous 1- and 2-line spaces for initials. Rubricated: initials, paragraph marks and capital strokes in red, first large initial with reserved decoration. Contemporary manuscript headlines, foliation, and marginal section lettering, the headlines written on versos over the effaced printed foliation. (Closed tears to fols. 6/7 and 17/4, gutters strengthened in 1/1.10 and last quire, a few minor marginal tears or repairs, upper margins occasionally softened or with tiny holes caused by erasure of the printed foliation, minor marginal dampstaining at front and marginal worming at end.) Early wooden boards backed in modern pigskin, two modern fore-edge clasps, blue-speckled edges; modern folding buckram case.
FIRST EDITION, first issue, of the most substantial work from the first press at Zwolle. Traditionally attributed to Bonaventura, the sermons in this collection were mostly by the 13th-century preacher Servasanctus Faventinus.
The first press at Zwolle, and the second printing press in the Yssel region, was established in 1478 or 1479, soon after the beginnings of printing at Deventer. The earliest 20 or so surviving books printed at Zwolle are nearly all unsigned and undated. Formerly attributed to Peter van Os van Breda, who first signed an edition in 1480, these editions were reassigned by Lotte and Wytze Hellinga on typographic grounds to Johannes de Vollenhoe, whose name appears in the colophon of one of the Zwolle editions, Johannes XXI, Summulae logicales, 1479 (HC 8689). Little about de Vollenhoe is known. The Hellingas postulate that he may have worked for an anonymous financial syndicate, and they show that van Breda was associated with the press from at least 1479. The fine quality of the printing suggests that the press may have been operated by experienced workmen from one of the main printing centers, possibly emigrant Venetians who had fled the plague in 1478 (cf. Hellinga, Printing Types I, pp. 41-43).
Identical in quires 1-3 and 39-43, the second issue of this edition (no priority known) differs in the type-setting of quires 4-26. In some copies of the second issue quires 27-38 are entirely recomposed, while in others only quires 34-35 and the outer formes of quires 27-33 and 36-38 are reset.
FINE COPY OF A RARE EDITION. No copies have appeared at auction since 1978 (Broxbourne, £2,200). H 3511=HCR 3512=HC 8976; BMC IX, 80 (IB. 48105-48106); Campbell 336; CIBN B-672; GW 4810; Harvard/Walsh 3903; HPT II, 470; Polain(B)805; IDL 968; Pr 9122; Goff B-948.