BOONE, Daniel. Autograph document signed ("Daniel Boone D.S.," with flourish), signed as District Surveyor, comprising a survey and plat drawing for Jonathan Boone, Fayette County [Kentucky], 15 May 1785. 1 page, oblong, 190 x 230mm (7.3/8 x 96 in.), lower edge slightly browned and worn, slight fold separations.
DANIEL BOONE, KENTUCKY FRONTIER SURVEYOR, 1785
A rare, quite early Boone document recording a survey of land for a relative: "Surveyed for Jonathan Boone 1000 acres of Land by virtue of a Trasury [sic] warrant Duly Entered March 15th 1783 ...Situate, Lying and being in the County of Fayette adjoining Hugh Boone on the North and bounded as follows..." The boundaries of the tract are specified, by reference to available landmarks which included "shugar," oak and Hickory trees, probably indicating that the tract in questions is uncleared wilderness. In the upper left-hand corner, Boone has drawn a square plat of the property, labelled its corners "A," "B", "C", and "D," drawn small branching lines to indicate streams or brooks, and added a note: "Vareation [sic] 5 Degrees Este" [East]. At the bottom left, Boone has recorded the names of three individuals who helped in the survey: Isaac Boone, who served as "Marker," and William Walis and Mecagah Caloway, who were "chainmen," or chain-bearers (which Boone spells "chanemen"). To the right at the bottom is the signature of "T. Marshall," apparently a recording clerk; the verso exhibits several endorsements beginning with Daniel Boone's notation "Jonathan Boones plot of 1000 acres."
Boone (1734-1820) had settled in the future Kentucky wilderness as early as 1769 and led many settlers to the area. When the territory was organized in 1776 he was appointed a captain of militia and was eventually promoted to major. After the war, Boone was named lieutenant-colonel of Fayette County, a delegate to the legislature, and, in 1782, chosen sheriff and deputy surveyor. Boone's surveys--of which many were prepared--are relatively rare (the last example at auction was in 1987, according to ABPC).