[BREDA, TREATY OF, 1667]. Publication of the Peace Between England, and the United Netherlands [Dutch text:] Publicatie vanden Vrede Tusschen Englant end de Vereenighde Nederlanden. Two partly printed documents, each signed by seven "Extraordinary Embassadors and Plenipotentiaries" including Lord Denzil Holles (1599-1680), Sir Henry Coventry (1619-1686), and five Dutch officials, all with original seal impressions in red wax. N.p. [Breda, Netherlands], ca. 14/24 August 1667].
Two folio broadsides, 17 5/8 x 9½ in. (English text) and 17 5/8 x 10 3/8 in. (Dutch text), printed in roman and black-letter types, each with large woodcut initial capital ("T" and "D"), English text broadside with narrow strip along left-hand margin and a clean oblique tear repaired without loss; Dutch text document with slight tear along horizontal fold and a few minor marginal repairs, framed side-by-side in a hinged double gilt frame.
PROCLAMATION OF THE TREATY OF BREDA, CONFIRMING ENGLISH POSESSION OF NEW YORK (NEW NETHERLANDS) AND RETURNING PENOBSCOT COLONY (MAINE) TO FRANCE
Paired broadsides, probably printed in the neutral city of Breda where the treaty was ratified, proclaiming in English and Dutch that "to the honour of God and the common Good of the Kingdomes" and "to the advantage of all the Subjects and Inhabitants of the same," a "true, firm and indissolable Peace was made and concluded" between King Charles II of Great Britain and the States General of the United Netherlands." The treaty, agreed in July 1667, has now been duly ratified on "within this Towne of Breda," rendering the treaty "full and perfectly accomplished." The text goes on to specify the exact dates for the full cessation of hostilities "throughout the whole world," and stipulates that no seizures of ships or goods by the former combatants will be countenanced. Finally, it announces that the treaty has been "concluded, signed and confirmed by our respective seales, and proclaymed by sound of Trumpet."
The Treaty of Breda ended the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665-1667), a largely maritime struggle between three colonial powers--France, the Netherlands and Great Britain. Even before war was declared, a British expeditionary force under Admiral Richard Nicoll had seized the Dutch colonies in present-day New York and New Jersey, and claimed the territory for James, Duke of York. After several major sea battles and an audacious Dutch raid on English vessels anchored at the mouth of the Thames ("The Raid on the Medway"), ministers of both nations signed the Treaty of Breda on 31 July 1667. Among its provisions, England relinquished to France holdings in Acadia and Penobscot (present day Maine) and acquired several former Dutch colonies in the Caribbean in exchange for Surinam. More importantly, English ownership of the former Dutch colonies of New Netherlands was confirmed.
Very rare; no other copies, signed or unsigned, have been offered at auction since at least 1975.