CALPHURNIUS SICULUS, Titus (fl.50-60) and NEMESIANUS (second half 3rd century). Bucolica. - HESIODUS (fl. c.700 B.C.). Opera et dies, translated by Nicolaus de Valle. Rome: Conradus Sweynheym and Arnoldus Pannartz [not before 5 April 1471].
Median 2° (331 x 217mm). Collation: [1-38 46] (1/1 blank, Calphurnius verses, 3/1r blank, 3/1v translator's dedication to Pope Pius II, 3/2r Hesiod verses, 4/6 blank). 30 leaves (of 194, lacking Silius Italicus' Punica). 2- to 6-line initial spaces. 38 lines. Type: 1:115R, 115Greek. (Marginal stain in 2 leaves, first leaf very lightly soiled and with neatly repaired tear.) 18th-century English citron morocco gilt, spine label, marbled endleaves (very lightly rubbed at extremities, short splits at head of spine). Provenance: W.H. Crawford, Lakelands, Co. Cork (sale Sotheby's, 13 March 1891, lot 570, £2.5 to Blades).
THE LAKELANDS LIBRARY COPY OF THE FIRST EDITION of these pastoral poems by Calphurnius, Nemesianus, and Hesiod. Strongly influenced by Virgil, they tell of a contest between a gardener and a shepherd; of rearing sheep and goats; of an ill-treated lover; and of a renowned emperor (possibly Nero). Four poems by Nemesianus have been transmitted with those by Calphurnius, resulting in their misattribution, as here, to the latter poet. These bucolic poems in turn greatly influenced literature of the Italian Renaissance, particularly the pastoral work of Boccaccio. Sweynheym and Pannartz listed Calphurnius and Hesiod together with Silius Italicus' Punica in their catalogue of 1472, making it clear that they were intended to accompany one another, although they are often found separately. HC 4209a; BMC IV, 13 (IB. 17166-70); IGI 8972; Goff S-503.