The dramatic composition of The Red Rock Wall displays Carl Oscar Borg's interest in Native American life and the spectacular landscape of the Arizona desert. Borg began making annual journeys to Arizona and New Mexico from California beginning in 1916 and continued throughout the remainder of his career. The Native American life of this region captured Borg's interest and imagination and was one of his main artistic inspirations. Painting mostly the Hopi and Navajo tribes, Borg sought to capture in a most straightforward and pure manner, the tribe's relationship with the earth. This environmental portrait displays the figure and the landscape as integral parts of a whole.