PROPERTY FROM THE G.A.H. BUISMAN JNZ. COLLECTION
Post Lot Text
Spondylus first appears in Peruvian archaeological sites during the Late Preceramic Period (ca. 5000-3800 B.C), but finds of this antiquity are few and small. By the Early Horizon (ca. 2500-2200 B.C.), it had supplanted the indigenous, cold-water mollusk Choromytilus chorus as the shell icon of the Peruvian elite, although Choromytilus continued to be offered by commoners throughout the prehistoric epochs. During the succeeding periods, the thorny oyster became increasingly common in burials and offerings, where its context indicates more and more clearly the importance of Spondylus in ancient Andean ritual life.