CICERO, Marcus Tullius (106-43 B.C.). Les epistres familiares. Translated from Latin into French by Etienne Dolet (1509-46). Paris: Nicolas du Chemin, 1545.
[Bound with:] CICERO. Les questions tusculanes. Translated from Latin into French by Etienne Dolet. Paris: Maurice de la Porte, 1545.
2 works in one volume, half-sheet 16° (115 x 75mm). (First work: discreet marginal repair in first two quires, repaired tear into text in k4 and m4.5.)
BINDING: Parisian gold- and blind-tooled calf of c. 1550 for Marcus Fugger; panelled sides with with fleuron at corners, Fugger supralibros (crowned double-headed eagle) at centre, single flower-head tool in spine compartments, vellum ms. spine label, red edges, author and title lettered on fore-edges, manuscript fragment spine liner (neat repairs to spine ends, corners and board edges, small chips at upper board edge and one corner); modern brown cloth solander box. Hobson/Culot2 41c.
PROVENANCE: Marcus Fugger (signature and pressmarks on pastedown; binding); by descent to his son Philipp Fugger (d.1601); by descent to his son Marcus Philipp Fugger (d.1620); by descent to his brother Marquart Fugger, who married Maria Christina, Countess of Öttingen-Wallerstein 1624 -- Princes of Öttingen-Wallerstein (sale Munich, Karl & Faber, part III, 11 May 1934, no. 246; stamp on title) -- Dart (sale Paris, 16 February 1977, lot 26).
Together with his kinsmen Ulrich and Johann Jakob Fugger, Marcus Fugger (1529-1597) was one of the great book collectors of the 16th century. He combined his business and civic duties with scholarly pursuits, central to which was the formation of an extensive library. Although there is no documentary evidence of his visit to Paris, he acquired and had bound there a number of books in the early 1550s. Characteristic of Fugger's plainer Parisian bindings is the use of one of two tools at the centre: a crowned double-headed eagle or a hand-branch-bird tool. The eagle usually appears on small-format books, as here. The lettering along the fore-edges indicates that the book was shelved horizontally and with the fore-edges facing out.