CICERO, Marcus Tullius (106-43 B.C.). Oratio pro P. Quintio. Paris: Michel de Vascosan, 1543.
[Bound with five other works:]
CICERO, M.T. Oratio pro Sextus Roscio Amerino. Paris: Michel de Vascosan, 1541. -- CICERO, M.T. Pro Q. Roscio comoedo orationis quod extat fragmentum. [Paris]: Josse Bade, October 1532. -- CICERO, M.T. Actionum in Verrem libri quatuor priores. Paris: Michel de Vascosan, 1539. -- CICERO, M.T. Pro M. Fonteio oratio. Paris: Josse Bade, November 1533. -- CICERO, M.T. Pro A. Cecinna oratio. Paris: Simon de Colines, 1540.
6 works in one volume, 4° (225 x 155mm). Bade device on title of third and fifth works, woodcut multi-part arabesque title border in last work, woodcut initials in all works, ruled in red throughout. Four-leaf Argument by Franciscus Silvius on Pro M. Fonteio (fifth work) misbound in first quire of third work, Pro Q. Roscio. (Small marginal wormhole.)
BINDING: Parisian binding by the 'Cupid's Bow Binder' for Louis de Sainte-Maure, c.1547-50; gold-tooled fawn calf over pasteboard, intricate interlace and open tools [including Nixon CB 10a-b, 13, 16, 26, and 29a-b] painted white, brown and green, upper cover with Ste-Maure arms [Olivier 449] on a brown-painted compartment, lower cover tooled LOYS DE SAICTE MAV RE: MARQVIS DE NEELLE., flat spine with 6 bands of linked circles, brown and black diagonal stripes in compartments, edges gilt and gauffered to a foliate design, pastedown and 2 flyleaves at each end, watermark 'PS' in a shield, very similar to Briquet 9667 [Arras 1539/Paris 1541] (a little loss of paint); modern green cloth folding case. Cinq siècles d'ornements 34; Hobson/Culot2 43; Musea Nostra, p. 33.
PROVENANCE: Louis de Sainte-Maure, marquis de Nesle (binding) -- François Guyot de Villeneuve (sale Paris, 25-30 March 1901, lot 574) -- Edmée Maus (book label; cf. Rau, 'Contemporary collectors XVI. Edmée Maus', The Book Collector, 7, 1958, pp. 38-50, esp. p. 39).
Little is known of Louis de Sainte-Maure (fl. 1540-69). He was created marquis de Nesle by François I in 1545; he married twice, in 1540 and 1569; and in 1559 he was one of the hostages sent to England after the treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis. The extant books from his library reveal him as a dedicated bibliophile and patron of some of the best binding shops of his day. The present binding is the work of the Cupid's Bow Binder, a shop employed extensively by Jean Grolier (see lot --) and Marc Lauweryn. Louis de Sainte-Maure commissioned at least two other bindings from him, one closely similar to the present volume and also covering a collection of works by Cicero printed at Paris by Vascosan (Morgan Library 15436, cf. Nixon, PML, p. 151). Adams C-1900 (second work); Renouard, Bade, 320,1 and 215,2 (third and fifth works).