[CIVIL WAR]. GRANT, Ulysses S. (1822-1885). Autograph letter signed ("U. S. Grant"), as Maj. General, to Gen. Lorenzo Thomas, Headquarters Department of the Tenn., Vicksburg, Miss., 27 July 1863. 1 page, 4to, FINE.
THREE WEEKS AFTER HIS GREAT TRIUMPH AT VICKSBURG, GRANT RECOMMENDS A REPLACEMENT FOR ONE OF HIS GENERAL OFFICERS. "Maj. Gen. S. A. Hurlbut having tendered his resignation I would respectfully recommend, in case of its acceptance, the appointment of Maj. Gen. F. Stub to the command of the 16th Army Corps." The head of the 4th Division in Grant's Army of the Tennessee, Hurlbut moved to the command of the 16th Corps in Memphis in 1864. Wherever he went, accusations of corruption and drunkenness followed. His "military achievements were creditable," one historian writes, "however, at the same time he seems to have exercised every opportunity to line his own pockets" (Warner, Generals in Blue, 245). Later in the war an army commission recommended his arrest and trial for corruption, but he was allowed to resign quietly in 1865. Grant, as President, made him his ambassador to Colombia and Garfield made him minister to Peru. The recipient, Lorenzo Thomas, would also figure in Grant's later career: when Grant refused to follow President Andrew Johnson's orders and replace Edwin Stanton as Secretary of War, Johnson appointed Lorenzo Thomas instead. But Stanton refused to relinquish his office, and barricaded himself inside to prevent Thomas from taking control of the department. This precipitated the Impeachment showdown between Johnson and the Congress in 1868.