[CIVIL WAR]. MORROW, Thomas. 3 autograph manuscripts, diary accounts of Morrow's service in Company F, 11th Ohio Infantry during the Civil War, 27 June 1861 to 22 March 1864. Approximately 230 pages, 8vo, mostly in pencil, in bound journals, 1 missing leather cover, some occasional minor soiling and later notations in a different hand. [With:] MORROW, E.A. ALS to Thomas Morrow, Carthage, TN, 8 and 24 March 1863. 12 pp., 8vo. re: an excellent letter detailing recent military actions, the cause, Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and political events. -- Two tintypes of Morrow and his wife in period leather cases and two paper images of the same photos (framed) -- Morrow's discharge paper, 20 June 1864 -- A fragment of cloth in a snuff case, likely a piece of a regimental flag. Together 10 items.
A FIRST-HAND NARRATIVE OF THE 11TH OHIO INFANTRY IN THE CIVIL WAR: THE DIARIES OF THOMAS MORROW
A nice group relating to the service of Thomas Morrow in the Civil War; witness to the Battles of Second Bull Run, Antietam, Chattanooga and Sherman's Georgia Campaign. Morrow, who enlisted in the Summer of 1861, recorded fairly detailed observations through most of the war. The 11th saw its first action on August 20 in West Virginia: "The fight has come...I am posted on lovers leap to give notice if the enemy approaches by the river. We are retreating because they are planting cannon." On August 24, Morrow relates his first experience with amputation: "A man of company G was shot in the arm...it had to be amputated. I saw the arm lying in the creek today." Transferred to the the Army of Virginia in 1862 as the Kanawha Division, Morrow and the 11th saw there first major battle on August 27 at Second Bull Run: "Bull run cannonading ahead, 2nd Jersey Brigade engaged with the enemy, enemy driving them back. 11 th and 12th OVI regts covering this retreat. 12th surrounded, 11th charged on the enemy and relieved the 12th. we fell back to Fairfax station." Less then a month later, after the regiment was transferred to the 9th Corps, Army of the Potomac, Morrow was in action at the Battles of South Mountain and Antietam: "Sept 14th -- left our knapsacks and started out for the fight. We got into the enemy at 10 am and had some pretty warm work for a while. We drove them back and camped on the battleground. Sept 15th -- I went over the battle ground this morning, it is an awful sight. There was five hundred of the secesh dead left on the field. Sept 16th -- The fight commenced this morning with artillery...fifty pieces...most loaded with shell...Sept 17th -- Shelling again this morning we advanced and got into close quarters our Lieut Col Coleman killed. Crossed at [Burnside's Bridge] antietam creek and charged on the enemy drove them back...Oct 8th -- marched...today from Antietam...passed the center of the great Battle ground it is like an immense graveyard. Trees cut to pieces by shot and shell."
In June, 1863, the 11th Ohio was transferred to the Army of the Cumberland in Tennessee.In November, Morrow was in Chattanooga and reported the action there: "November 24 -- Hooker fighting on Lookout [Mountain]. November 25 -- Made a reconnaissance to the front. Moved to the left took Missionary Ridge by storm...our colors first in the works." Morrow's last battle was at Resaca, Georgia: "May 14th, 1864 -- Reformed line advanced at 8½ AM...our regt in rear line. about 2 PM whoile line advanced but were repulsed. We had four lines of battle the first lines suffered severely...May15th, 1864 -- Firing began at daylight...lay in line all day...Rebs made an assault on us at 11½ PM but were repulsed."