[CLEVELAND, Grover]. MORTON, Levi (1824-1920), Vice-President. Printed document signed ("Levi P. Morton") as Vice-President and President of the Senate, countersigned by Senators Eugene Hale (1836-1918) and Joseph C.S. Blackburn (1838-1918), and Congressmen J. Logan Chipman (1830-1893) and Henry Cabot Lodge (1850-1924), AN ELECTORAL VOTE TALLY SHEET FOR THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1892, [Washington, November 1892]. 1 sheet, 27½ x 11 5/8 inches, marked "Duplicate" in upper left corner, minor browning and creasing, minor damage in upper margin repaired, tipped to mat.
CLEVELAND WINS! A COPY OF THE OFFICIAL ELECTORAL VOTE TALLY FOR 1892
A very rare relic from the Presidential election of 1892, the first won by a former President in a non-consecutive term. In the post-war years, Republicans were able to dominate the nation's elections due to powerful political machinery and the practise of "waving the bloody shirt" (blaming Democrats for the Civil War). Cleveland, a poltical reformer from New York, had been able to break that tradition in 1884 due to public concerns over recent scandals, patronage abuses and division within the Republican Party. He failed to win in 1888, however, in a very close race in which he won the majority of the popular vote but failed to obtain the necessary electoral votes for reelection. Despite opposition from supporters of the free coinage of silver, the popular Cleveland won his bid for renomination at the Democratic Convention of 1892. Running against Cleveland was the Republican incumbent, Benjamin Harrison, and the Populist Party candidate, James Weaver (1833-1912).
Ultimately, the public's disapproval of the protective McKinley Tariff, passed during Harrison's watch, aided Cleveland in winning the election. This oversize tally sheet, one of an unknown number, was likely taken home as a souvenir. The sheet is headed with identifying text: "The undersigned, Eugene Hale and Joseph C.S. Blackburn, tellers on the part of the Senate, and J. Logan Chipman and Henry Cabot Lodge, tellers on the part of the House of Representatives, report the following as the result of the ascertainment and counting of the electoral vote for President and Vice-President of the United States for the term beginning March fourth, eighteen hundred and ninety-three." The electoral vote is listed by state for each candidate for President and Vice President. At the bottom, printed in cursive text, are the final results: "The whole number of the electors appointed to vote for President of the United States is 444, of which a majority is 223...Grover Cleveland, of the State of New York, has received for President of the United States 277 votes...Adlai E. Stevenson, of the State of Illinois, has received 277 votes...This announcement of the state of the vote by the President of the Senate is, by law, a sufficient declaration that Grover Cleveland...is elected President of the United States, and that Adlai E. Stevenson...is elected Vice-President of the United States, each for the term beginning March fourth, 1893, and will be entered, together with a list of the votes, on the Journals of the Senate and House of Representatives."