21 September 2000
COLABA AND GHERIAH
Plan de Gyria on Vizendruk; Fortifications de l'isle de Goulaba aupres de Bombay. [India, c.1721]
Two manuscript French plans of Colaba and Gheriah on one sheet, ink, wash and colours on paper (520 x 740mm), seas in green, sandbanks in yellow, the left hand plan of Gheriah showing the fortress island, the tented city of the Angrian soldiers, with various ships and smaller boats at anchorage, the right hand plan showing the fortress island of Colaba, various sandbanks and rocks, and the anchorages of the Portuguese and English ships to the south, rhumb-lines decorating the seas, the plans set in black ink ruled borders.
A fascinating pair of French plans of the Angrian fortresses of Colaba and Gheriah. The Colaba plan showing the combined English and Portuguese attack on the fort in 1721. Conajee Angria was one of the greatest Indian adversaries to the spread of English control along the western Indian coast in the early 18th century. In 1698 Angria took control of the command of the Mahratta navy, and soon controlled the Malabar coasts between Bombay and Goa. In 1713 he took the fortresses of Colaba south of Bombay and Gheriah. In 1721 a combined force of English and Portuguese ships attempted to sugugate Angria but their assault on both Colaba and Gheriah failed. Angria remained a potent force in the region, harrying European shipping and commerce along the Malabar coast until the late 1730s.
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