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Collection Stendahl, Los Angeles dans les années 60
PROVENANT D'UNE COLLECTION D'OUTRE-ATLANTIQUE
Hasso von Winning, Pre-Columbian Art of Mexico and Central America, New York, 1968, fig. 357
Post Lot Text
MIXTEC AMETHYST AND ROCK CRYSTAL NECKLACE
LATE POSTCLASSIC, CA. A.D. 1000-1350
Composed of thirty-seven globular graduated rock crystal beads alternating with ten rich purple amethyst beads, centering a rock crystal pendant in the form of a dog's head, with sunken eyes, upper jaw with bared teeth and ears perked ; pierced twice for suspension.
Although the arts of the Postclassic period reflect a wide range of sources and influences, an overall "Postclassic style" is identifiable. This general style, known as Mixteca-Puebla style, was found with minor regional variations from the Yucatan to the state of Sinoloa in the far northwest. With the exception of a few sites, such as Chichen Itza, very little monumental art was made in the Postclassic period. Most art was small, even miniature, in scale. Some of the most spectacular gold jewelry was made by the Mixtec of Oaxaca as well as ceremonial objects crafted of precious and semi- precious stones.
Rock crystal, considered "petrified water", was coveted by the various Postclassic peoples most notably the Aztec, while amethyst, equally a quartz but colored, was appreciated for its mystical properties. The addition of a pendant in the form of a canine's head, associated as the man's protector on earth as well as the Underworld adds to the symbolic power of this necklace. Among the modern Huichol Indians of western Mexico the wearing of such sacred amulets of rock crystal is much prized.