COMMODORE MATTHEW CALBRAITH PERRY (1794-1858)
Wilhelm HEINE (1817-1885). Two views, titled First Landing of Americans in Japan, under Commodore M.C.Perry at Gore-Hama July 14th 1853; and Landing of Commodre Perry, officers & men of the squadron, to meet the Imperial Commissioners at Yoku-Hama, Japan, March 8th 1854. New York: E. Brown, jnr, 1855. Tinted lithographs, finished by hand (sheet area: 63.8 x 89cm) by Sarony & Co. after Heine. (Small tears, most repaired, to margins.) Framed and glazed.
The stated object of the expedition to Japan was to protect American seamen and property in Japan and the opening of one or more ports to American vessels for the procuring of supplies and for conducting trade. Perry, aboard his flagship the Susquehanna, with the squadron in attendance approached Yedo Bay on 8 July 1853. Having twice refused to deal with subordinates, 'on July 14 the letter of the President and other documents were delivered by Perry himself on shore at the village of Kurihama to the princes Idzu and Iwami, representatives of the Emperor... in February 1854 [Perry] once more anchored in Yedo Bay. The Emperor had issued orders to receive the fleet in a friendly manner and had appointed five commissioners to meet Perry... The meeting took place at Yokohama, where the Americans made a second landing marked by much pageantry. There, on Mar. 31, 1854, was signed a treaty of peace, amity, and commerce granting the United States trading rights at the two ports of Hakodate and Shimoda.' (DAB XIV, p.488). Heine was 'Artist of the Expedition', and in addition to these large individual plates, a reduced folio collection of nine of his views were published by Putnam's in 1856. (2)