CYPRIANUS, Thascius Caecilius, Saint (Bishop of Carthage from ca. 248, d. 258). Opera. [Deventer: Richardus Pafraet, between 1477 and 1479].
Chancery 2o (282 x 200 mm). Collation: a8 b12 (a1 blank, a2r alphabetical subject index, b12r blank, b12v Hieronymus, De beato Cypriano [extract]); 2a8 b-q10 r6 (2a1r Cyprianus, Epistolae, etc., r6v blank); A-B10 C-D8 (A1r Ad Quirinum adversus Iudeos and other works, D7v colophon, D8 blank). 218 leaves (of 220, without the blanks). 40 lines. Type: 1:90GA (Hellinga type 1). 2- to 8-line spaces for initials. Fine contemporary rubrication: two large (7- and 8-line) initials in parti-colored blue and red with white reserved decoration, red penwork infill and extensions with touches of green and yellow wash (2a2r and A1r), two 6-line particolored red and blue decorated initials in a slightly different style, the remaining initials and larger paragraph marks in alternating blue and red, smaller paragraph marks and capital strokes in red. (Occasional early finger-soiling, a few corners a trifle dampstained, small gutter repair to D1, last leaf stained.) 18th-century English blind-panelled calf, edges red-speckled (rebacked).
Third edition, based on de Bussi's original edition (Sweynheym and Pannartz 1471), but with additional matter as listed in ISTC, GW, and BSB-Ink. An early edition from the first press at Deventer, the most prolific Dutch press of the fifteenth century. Although Deventer at the time belonged culturally to the area now known as North Rhine-Westphalia, the two first printers there, Richardus Pafraet and his successor Jacob van Breda, turned to the vast market in the west, in need of school-books and the more popular classical authors. (Together the two are estimated to have produced half of all 15th-century Latin grammars printed in Holland before 1501.) Pafraet's first press was active from 1477 until 1485. Its large output consisted principally of folio editions, most published at his own expense, although printed entirely with types acquired from Cologne. For unknown reasons possibly connected with the establishment of van Breda as printer and publisher, Pafraet ceased printing for three years, resuming in 1488 with an entirely different stock of type. Pafraet's first type, used here, was identical to that used during the same year at Cologne "by a jobbing-printer commissioned by Gerhard ten Raem" (Hellinga, Printing Types, p. 40), though Pafraet's version was cast on a smaller body. In its first state the type included plain capitals that differed from those used in the Cologne version and were closer to Zell type 1; in 1479 the Cologne sorts first appear in Pafraet's books: hence the dating of the present edition.
A FINE COPY. HC 5894; BMC IX, 43 (IB. 47522); BSB-Ink. C-726; Campbell 520; GW 7886; HPT II, 475; Polain(B) 1211; Pr 8954; Goff C-1012.